خلاصة قصة القناع الذهبي من إعداد مستر/ عبدالله الشربيني
Chapter(1) 1- Leila was a research assistant مساعدة باحث and an archaeologist at Cairo University She was going to Peru to join Dr Hafez in his excavation تنقيب .Leila realised that أدركت أن she returned home safely in Cairo when she heard the familiar sounds أصوات مألوفة of the children, the melon sellerبائع الشمام , the roar of cars ضجيج السيارات and her sister making coffee.
2- she looked at a photo in which she was holding up a gold figure of an animal تحمل تمثال ذهبي لحيوان.It reminded her of ذكرها ب a good day and other bad days in Peru so she felt a shiver رعشة Leila was excited as she had never been to South America before.she had no time to be excited as she spent all the night packing her luggage تحزم أمتعتها
3- Her sister, Samira, was a reporter who looks for تبحث عنa good article for her newspaper.Samira was so funny but full of enthusiasm حماس she never stopped talking ,so Leila forgot her worry نسيت قلقها about the flight and the traffic jam. With samera , one forgets his worry about everything but Leila was worried about everything.
4- She took a small laser machine for dating old things made of wood or cloth and some paper about new techniques developed by archaeology department in cairo.The machine was a secret as not many people know about it and they wanted to be the first to use it. Samira was looking for good headlines such as: SECRETS OF AN INCA TOMB, EGYPTIAN ARCHAEOLOGIST FINDS INCA TREASURE. Excavation work was very high as the tough قاسيIncas lived at high altitudesإرتفاعات so Samera asked Leila to tell Dr Hafez to take care of her يعتني بها
5- Although the Incas had no writing, they controlled a huge empire إمبراطورية ضخمهin South America.They conquered غزو the Chimu who were famous for their gold and silver works.Their capital,Cuzco, is more than 1500 metres high.
6- Dr Hafez was searching for a royal tomb as only فقط kings and nobles had things made of gold.
7- when Leila saw off ودعت Samera , she promised to وعدت أن send her a post card or an email
Chapter(2) 1-There wasn’t a direct flight رحله مباشرة to Lima so Leila had to إضطرت fly to New York and stayed at the airport hotel as the connecting flight الرحلة المكملة was the next day She always became nervous عصبيon landing or taking off تقلع. she was curious لديها فضولso she chose إختارت a window seat to watch the skyscrapers.
2-The man sitting beside her was in his mid-thirties with fair hair شعر أشقر and dark face. She thought he was German as he had a strange accent لهجة غريبة He was born in south Africa but he had an American passport.He was neither a tourist nor a businessman.he looked as if he worked outdoors a lotبدا كمالوكان يعمل بالخارج كثيرا he said he was a mining engineer مهندس تعدين
3- He asked if it was her first visit and if she was going on holiday but she said that it was a business trip
He said he was looking for places where there were other interesting things and became more curious فضوليه when she told him about the archaeological dig حفر أثري as a part of UNESCO exchange تبادل between Egypt and south America due to similarities between the two civilizations بسبب التشابهات بين الحضارتين
4-Dr,Hafez was a friend of her father so she used to listen to his stories about his work and decided to follow his example تحذو حذوه .she didn’t study with him and did her degree at Italian institute المعهد الإيطالي in Rome as people might say he gave her special treatment ربما يقول الناس أنه أعطاها معاملة خاصة
5-She told Martin that she worked with Dr.Hafez at the Valley of the Nobles so he asked her if they were looking for tombs like that in peru so she decided not to tell him more.She suspected him شكت فيه as he asked her a lot ,searched her seat pocket فتش جيب المقعد saying that he was looking for in flight magazine.He also followed her
6-The customs officials searched her luggage فتش موظفي الجمارك أمتعتها especially خاصة the laser machine and let her pass سمحوا لها تعبر when she showed them her paper عندما أرتهم أوراقهاas a part of UNESCO exchange.
7-She introduced Martin to Hafez who said he might have met him before in archaeological site but he denied saying that he was a mining engineer , not an archaeologist .
Chapter(3)-Hafez and Leila flew to Cuzco, the place of excavation.They saw dry coastal plains سهول ساحلية جافه and flowing rivers أنهار متدفقة of Lima that reminded ذكرت Leila of Egyptian desert.Hafez spoke quietly تكلم بهدوء as there were a group of German tourists going to Macho piccho, a great Inca city lost for hundred of years.
2- When he read Leila’s paper,he said they were working a long the right lines. they were digging near Cuzco there was once a great city there.Although it wasn't far from the equator, there was always snow
3- They found a wall that might be a wall of tomb, there were marks علامات and pictures of a Llama , so it might be a royal tomb. Dr , Hafez said that their experience in the Nobles Valley is useful to discover the similarities and differences between ways of burying طرق الدفن in ancient Egypt and Inca Civilization
4- Kings and queens were mummified يحنطوا They put gold objects , figures of animals, food and drinks in king’s tombs . they dressed the dead in beautiful clothes and put gold masks on king’s faces
5- At yearly important festivals, the dressed يلبسوا the mummified kings in fine clothes and carried them on litters
يحملوهم على محفات through streets.They killed women and servants and buried them دفنوهم with kings to take
care of them in the next world
6-Hafez said he must have met lander before and his name wasn’t Lander . although he worked for united mining , he must have involved with monuments thieves and had to leave his job. Hafez didn’t think united mining was working in Peru. Such people aren’t archaeologists. They don’t care about things of the past. They sell monuments that should be in museums for every one to see.so Leila should be careful .Leila felt her face grow hot as she told him some information about their work.
7- Leila would be in charge of one of the two teams under the direction of Dr,Hafez. Leila was surprised but Hafez said that he chose her as he trusted her and she understood him
8-when Hafez introduced Amalia Guzman, a local archaeologist to Leila , she looked at Leila without a smile and didn’t offer to help her with her luggage.she offered to help Hafez with his luggage but he refused.
Chapter(4) 1- Amalia took them to Quenco where they camped .When Leila reached the camp , she had headache and was dead tired due to jet.lag and the altitude but Amalia gave her some pills
2- Dr.Hafez went to Quenco city to meet the local UNESCO representative who would support the excavation till the end of the year.If they didn’t find important things they would stop their support the next year . Leila wondered why Amalia didn’t seem to be friendly to her. When Amalia asked Leila how much she knew about the Inca civilization , she said that she studied it at the Italian institute and read Dr.Hafez reports
3-Amalia said that Dr.Hafez was the reason why Leila was in Peru but Leila said she was experienced and would be useful in the excavation as she worked with Dr. Hafez in the tomb of Sennofer
4- Amalia showed Leila around the site saying that they might have found a royal tomb as the chimu sometimes built their toms in the hill sides that called the hill of the king. The Incas conquered the chimu but they allowed their kings to rule in case of being loyal to the Incas and sent kings’ sons to Cuzco to make sure of their loyalty
5- Ramon found a gold figure of a child as the Incas sacrificed children to please gods. Amalia introduced Leila to Paplo Alvarez who worked for the Peruvian culture ministry to receive and make notes of everything they found
6- Pablo told Leilaa that Incas has a great civilization. They controlled a huge area of South America built great cities and made beautiful things. He said they were happy to let foreigners excavate in Peru but they mustn’t let anything fall into the hands of theives who steal Inca culture and sell it to rich collector
7-Leila wrote an email to Samira saying that they opened the wall of a tomb that might be royal.she admired the way of building the wall. Ramon was tied with a rope and descended. He said he found some bits of pottery and human bones.
8-Leila told samera that one of the archaeologists didn’t the fact that Leila was Dr.Hafez’s assistant and that she was in charge of her team
Chapter(5) 1- Amalia was unfriendly towards Leila so she went to Hafez to ask his advice . he said would get along better with her when they would start working and Amalia was a good archaeologist and knew a lot about tombs and excavation
2-Dr. Hafez would go to Quenco to get his laptop fixed. He took Leila and Amalia with him Dr. Hafez went to project office . Leila wandered in old streets where women were sitting in the sun dressing in colourful hats and dresses . children ran after her laughing and clapping their hands
3-Leila was tired so she sat at café to have a cold drink. She was surprised to see Lander sitting with Amalia at the same table and saw pablo crossing the square she felt suspicious , so she went the hotel and led Dr. Hafez
4- To café bit two other people were sitting at the table . Dr. Hafez asked Leila if she was sure it was the same man . he said Amalia wouldn’t do anything wrong and he trusted her and advised Leila not to be suspicious
5-Leila logged on the net to get a list where united mining was working . she discovered that it finished all operation in Peru in 1999 without any plan for mining at present time
Chapter (6) :Hafez, Leila and others entered the tomb by ladder.They used flashlights helmets,trowels to clear up the earth from the bones and brushes to clean stones. It was tiring work as there wasn't much air in the hot tomb
2-They found human bones, some pottery, a piece of cloth and a skeleton of a man in the sitting position. They gasped because the skull was broken, there was a big crack across it. Dr Hafez thought that he might have been killed but Leila thought that the falling rocks made that crack.
3- Dr Hafez spoke in a whisper, as if he didn't t want to disturb the dead.The skeleton may have been of a nobleman or a king but they needed to find a mask of gold to be sure. They used the laser machine to date the cloth – it was around the year 1400 – the middle of the Inca period.
4- They used trowels to clear away the earth from around the bones.They used brushes to clean the stones and bricks. They were working hard as they have got a short time before the UNESCO inspection. They had to find something definite.
5- Amalia said she knew Martin for a long time, he was a mining engineer and interested in archaeology
6-. At the end of the day and while all the team were ready to leave the tomb, Leila s bag brushed away some of the earth below it and something shiny appeared.Leila cleared the earth away and found a little gold figure of a llama.It had a square head and a thick tail. The Incas used llamas like we used camels to carry heavy things
7- That gold llama made it more likely that it was a royal tomb. They still needed to find a mask of gold to be absolutely sure. Dr Hafez insisted on taking Leila a photo holding up the gold llama. All the team went to Quenco to have dinner but Leila decided to take some rest in her hut.
8-At night, she needed some fresh air so she went out towards the tomb. The door wasn't completely closed and there was a light coming from the tomb so she went there to see what was inside.
Chapter ( 7) 1-She saw a man she guessed from his back. He was using a trowelمسطرين to scrape the earth away أزاح التراب from something . she climbed down the ladder into the cave.she hid إختبأت behind a big rock the man directed his flashlight in all directions في كل الاتجاهات وجه الكشاف
2- When she reached the bottom she realised she made a mistake. She could have called for help instead He saw her when she was moving behind the rock كانت تتحرك خلف صخرة to see what he was doing. She accused إتهمت Lander of stealing سرقة things that should be kept in museums تحفظ في المتاحف for people to see.
3- He said he was a collector مقتني أثار who appreciate يقدر fine things. He was sorry as he didn't find a gold mask as it is rare and valuable. He climbed the ladder تسلق السلم and pulled it سحبه then he closed the door and trapped her ثم أغلق الباب وحبسها .
4- She didn't t cry as no one would hear her .It was dark and cold so she slept and had a terrible dream حلم فظيع. She saw a skeleton تمثال of a king carried on litter محفه by 4 soldiers coming towards her skeletons surrounded her إحاطتها and soldiers used their swords سيوفto attack her so she wake up استيقظت
5-The next morning she cried صرختfor help .Dr. Hafez and Ramon climbed down to save herلينقذوها . Dr Hafez
was surprised how Lander found the tomb so easily بسهوله Ramon said that he must have asked in Cuzco or Quenco. Leila said that Amalia might tell him but Hafez said that he trusted her يثق بهاand she couldn't do anything like that but she might have said something carelessly بلا حذر, so Dr Hafez decided to tell the police and to talk to Amalia
6- As the police spoke only Spanish, Ramon was translating.They had to find Lander and the artifacts تحف he had stolen but it wouldn't t be easy.The police asked Leila some questions, they thought Lander would be out of the country, so they should call the immigration department قسم الهجرهat the Airport but he must have a false passport جواز سفر مزيف
7- Amalia told Hafez that Lander had many contacts إتصالاتin Peru he helped her to find her first job and knew her father but she didn't talk to him about her work
8- Leila's trowel hit something hard , she called Ramon to help her to take out a gold mask that was like the face of the sun. Pablo was delighted and he put the mask in the safe lest lander should visit it
Chapter ( 1-The gold mask was stolen سرق the police found that the safe's lock قفل الخزينةhadn't been broken لم يكسر, so it was opened with a key . Dr Hafez thought that the thief got into the hut through the open window and opened the safe with a key.
2- Pablo was meeting the UNESCO people in Quenco. the police had to take everyone's fingerprints بصمات أصابع by using a special powder .and searched فتش everyone's things
3- Leila was shocked صدمتwhen she knew that a little gold rabbit was among بين her things and denied أنكر stealing it. Dr Hafez was shocked and upset and comforted her هدأهاsaying that someone wanted her to be accused of the theft of mask أتهم بسرقة القناع
3- Leila was taken to the police cell أخذت إلى زنزانة الشرطه for the first time, so she burst into tears إنفجرت في الدموع Amalia visited Leila and asked her to forgive her تسامحها for making that fault خطأها out of jealousy بسبب الغيره as Dr.Hafez put her in charge of مسئولة عنthe team.When she found the mask , she got all the credit. She found the gold rabbit by chance after Leila s discovery. She kept it a secret and put it in Leila s clothes to get her into trouble
4-Amalia said that Lander might be in Acomayo as there was another excavation يوجد تنقيبtaking place يحدث there and he told her that he was keen to to go there متحمس للذهاب هناك
5- They phoned Dr Hafez. Communications were a problem in Peru and the roads were so bad that it could take days to get to some places in bad weather. If there were no landslides, it would take them five hours to reach Acomayo. Amalia was a good driver but the road was narrow, high , steep and stony.
Chapter ( 9)1- they left for Acomayo in thick cloud سحاب كثيف and dangerous road It was like being on a plane. Sheep and goats appeared like ghosts أشباح . Amalia might have lost her concentration فقدت تركيزهاor the road was broken so the car turned on its side إستدارت على جانبهاand rolled over the edge >>وتدحرجت على الحافة .Leila had pains in her legs and arms with a cut on her face. Leila had training in the first-aid so she could save Amalia who couldn't move, so Leila thought she was dead. After that she opened her eyes.she had her leg broken.
2-Leila got her out of the car,put a blanket under her ,covered her with the other and made a splint جبيرة .The mobile was broken. Amalia had self denial إنكار الذات when she asked Leila to leave her and save herself.She was as tough as Incas
3- Amalia told Leila that she was talking to Lander about the damage he did to her family as he worked with her father and deceived him خدعه . He persuaded him to put up some money for a silver mine منجم فضة but there was no mine and her father lost his money , so Amalia hoped to arrest him to take revenge تنتقم . Leila wanted to catch him as he stole the gold mask and for Amalia s sake
4- Leila asked her forgiveness السماح / العفو as she thought of her badly. To find help, Amalia told Leila to walk towards Acomayo and taught her some words: Ayuda-me pronto, por favour= Please help me. she reached few poor houses , she talked to a woman who couldn't understand her as but many people here spoke only Quechua, so she called a man who brought a litter أحضر محفة which reminded Leila of her dream to carry Amalia with 2 women to the house where they gave her a hot drink and some leaves to chew and gave Leila some bitter tea and bread. . She couldn't t sleep as the bed was rough خشن and Amalia was crying
5- they spent a night in the company of the hospitable village people. Leila took a bus to Acomayo to find a doctor. The bus was full of people with hens, chickens, boxes and parcels. She found a public phone and tried to phone Dr.Hafez but the line was bad. She only told him that they were in Acomayo. She saw a sign read Medico (medicine). The woman assistant understood Leila as she spoke a little English. She drove Leila to the village. She examined Amalia and ordered a helicopter to take her to hospital in Cuzco as it was urgent. For the first time, Leila wasn't nervous. She was thinking of how to save Amalia and how to catch Lander.
7- Dr.Hafez told Leila that Pablo said he he was so tired and excited that he forgot the keys in the hut by mistake. So Dr.Hafez suspected him and falsely told him that the project might and that Martin was arrested , so Pablo confessed that he helped Martin who offered him the money he needed for his sick son. he led a hard life with a little pay.
8- Pablo would meet Martin in cuzco at 8 o'clock after only 2 hours, so Leila suggested setting a trap to follow and catch him there was no time to tell police
Chapter ( 10)1-Hafez, Ramon and Leila followed Pablo 's taxi until he reached a house and entered it, then he went out and called a taxi
2- Lander went out of the same house and drove a truck شاحنة to the air port but not to the main entrance as Ramon said. He felt he was followed so he left the truck and opened two metal gates trying to escape in a small single-engine plane but Leila jumped into his truck and started its engine. She drove at the plane and knocked it on its side.Lander was knocked out hitting his head against the roof of the plane
4-.Dr.Hafez called the police to arrest Lander. He also congratulated Leila . the police informed Dr.Hafez that they had found the mask and other stolen things
5-They visited Amalia in cuzco hospital and went to the village to thank hospitable villagers . on their way , Leila showed Hafez a new Inca site looked like a pattern of tomb. Hafez had a sense of humour, he asked Leila not to show him two strangers sitting at a cafe as she did in Quenco .Amalia would be in charge of the new site.
6- On the plane back to New York, Leila didn't choose a window seat as she had many memories to think of . She saw the pyramids and the Nile while the plane to Cairo was landing. She felt the heat as she got used to the cold of the Andes.
7-In the arrival hall, there were the family and photographers. All the newspaper headlines were about the Egyptian archaeologist who had made important discoveries in the land of the Incas, caught a thief and discovered anew Inca site.
السؤال الثامن فى الامتحان
Paragraph Writing :
Write a paragraph of about 100 words about:
(1) The Revolution of the Youth
On the 25th of January, 2011 thousands of Egyptian young men and women marched سارو peacefully to Tahreer Square in Cairo and in many other Cities in Egypt such as Alexandria, Suez and Ismailia. They all demanded Mubarak's overthrow نهاية عرشand the resignationاستقالة of his government. They wanted a civilian stateدولة مدنية where peace, love, equality, standard of living and new job opportunities for the millions of unemployed youth. Finally they succeeded in achieving some of their demandsطلبات, but after a big number of them had sacrificedضحوا their lives to create a new Egypt, where people have the right to say their opinions freely without fear, with a new government that acts to achieve comprehensive شامل development and social reformاصلاح . They have put an end to Mubarak's eraعصر which included unfair treatment to the Egyptian people, social injusticeظلم اجتماعى, , forging the elections and corruption. The demonstrated young people also demanded constitutional amendmentsتعديلات دستورية and authority transition, انتقال السلطةso that peace safety and security would prevail all over Egypt. The world will never forget this great uprisingانتفاضة of the great Egyptian youth
(2) The role of youth in making their country better
We all agree that youth are the backbone عمود فقرىof any country. As they play the main role in anything. They have the power and determination to do any thing for the sake ofلصالح their country. If we want to make any progress, we must depend on them to do that. They can share in developing and saving their countries in time of war and in time of peace. In Egypt, their role became clear during the 25th revolution and they played the main role. They also have the duty of rebuilding إعادة بناء their country.
(3) Egypt after the January 25 Revolution
There is no doubt that Egypt has become a much better country to live in after the January 25 Revolution. We managed to restoreنستعيد our country from the gangعصابة that usurpedينتهك it for years. We do feel now that Egypt is our country and that it is our duty to work day and night to rebuild it. One of the blessings نعمof this revolution is that we now have freedom of expression. We can criticiseننتقد anyone without fear. Moreover, Egypt has really become a democratic country. Political partiesالاحزاب السياسية can be formed without restrictions.قيود Elections have become fair. We now have social justice in our dear country. It is high time forحان الوقت all of us to hold ourselves responsible for the new Egypt which we need to build. From this day forward, من الان فصاعداwe must abandonنتخلى عن the previous ills مساوىء الماضىin our society; ills in the form of littering our streets, burning trashقمامة in residentialسكنى areas, driving dangerously, not waiting our turn in public lines, and giving or accepting bribesرشاوى. We have to change ourselves for the better.
(4) National Unity
No one can deny that national unity الوحدة الوطنيةin Egypt plays a very important role in our society as Islam and Christianityالمسيحية are the two main religions in Egypt. It is well known that Egypt is a peace-loving nation, so peace, safety and security should prevail among her people whether Muslims or Christians. Muslims and Christians, regardless of بغض النظر عنreligion, are Egyptians; they live on the same land; they breathe the same air and drink from one Nile and belong to one country (Egypt), so they should co-operate all together to face external challengesالتحديات الخارجية and prevent anyone from causing any sectarian seditionفتنة طائفية in Egypt. They should enjoy love and understanding and at the same time, they should be hand in hand to defend Egypt. In brief, the school, the house, the mosque and the church have a role to teach children how to respect other religions.
(5) The Nile
The Nile is a source of life to Egypt. It is considered a chief sourceمصدر رئيسى of wealth, welfare and prosperity to Egypt. We enjoy drinking its fresh pure water. We irrigate our lands from it. Vast areas of land are reclaimed with the help of the Nile. Egypt is the gift of the Nileهبة النيل. We should not throw waste into our dear Nile. We should keep it clean and pure.
Without the Nile, Egypt would be a desert barrenقاحلة land. The Nile is the lifebloodدم الحياه of Egypt. Without the Nile, life would be impossible in Egypt.
After the white revolution of 25 January and when Government recognized that former regimeالنظام السابق was not giving due care to the countries which shareتشاركنا us in the Nile, so they started to plan for setting up new projects and dams on the Nile which can lead to a decrease in our share حصتناof water, prime ministerرئيس الوزراء Dr. Sharaf accompanied يصتحبةby popular organizations have made many visits to those countries to strengthen يقوى our relations with them and convince them to keep the same quantity of water which we should get as per previous agreements.
No one can deny that tourism is one of the most important thing in Egypt. Because it has great role in its economy. The importance of tourism lies in providing hard currency for Egypt. It also provides job opportunities for all people. From here the government should pay great attention to this field. We must do our best to attract more tourists to Egypt. It can build new hotels with all means of facilities. We as citizens have a role, we must treat tourists in a friendly way and make them love Egypt to come again. Finally we can sum up by saying that tourism for Egypt is like water and air, so we must do our best to benefit from it.
(7) The most important discovery or invention
We all agree that we live in the age of science and modern science. There are a lot of modern discoveries and inventions, In my opinion, the most important invention is the computer and the internet. As they are used in all fields of life. Through the internet, we get any information about any subject in all languages. By using the internet, we can know what is happening in any country at the same time of its occurrence. On the Internet people especially, youth can express their ideas and hopes. The importance of the internet has become clear during the 25th revolution as it was the method of communication among the protestors through face book websites.
E-mail Writing :
Write an e-mail to your friend, Tom, to invite him to visit Egypt after the great event of 25th revolution. Tell him that he will enjoy his visit as Egypt is the country of safe and safety and about the places he can visit. Your name is Ali. Your e-mail is Ali@yahoo.com and his e-mail is Tom@yahoo.com.
Dear Tom ,
I am very happy to send you this e-mail. How you are and your family. I send you this e-mail to invite you to visit Egypt next summer. I think you will enjoy your visit to Egypt and enjoy everything after the 25th revolution. You can visit a lot of interesting places in Cairo, Luxor and Aswan. You can enjoy walking in our streets safely as Egypt is the country of safe and safety. I will be happy if you accept this invitation.
Letter Writing :
Write a letter to your friend, John, in England to tell him about the Revolution of the Youth. Your name is Hassan and you live at 20, Riad Street, Assiut.
12th June, 2011
Fancy holding my pen to write about this great historical event which had recorded one of the greatest revolutions ever.
On the 25th of January, 2011 thousands of Egyptian young men and women marched peacefully to Tahreer Square in Cairo and in many other Cities in Egypt such as Alexandria, Suez and Ismailia. They all demanded Mubarak's overthrow and the resignation of his government. They wanted a civilian state where peace, love, equality and standard of living and new job opportunities for the millions of unemployed youth. Finally they succeeded in achieving some of their demands, but after a big number of them had sacrificed their lives to create a new Egypt, where people have the right to say their opinions freely without fear, with a new government that acts to achieve comprehensive development and social reform.
They have put an end to Mubarak's era which included unfair treatment to the Egyptian people, social injustice, a lot of detainees without judgment, forging the elections and corruption. The demonstrated young people also demanded constitutional amendments and authority transition, so that peace safety and security would prevail all over Egypt. The world will never forget this great uprising of the great Egyptian youth.
I'd like to hear from you and your friend about Egyptian revolution soon.
السؤال الاخير الترجمة
A) Translate into Arabic :
1- The Egyptian people have suffered a lot from corruption, injustice and unemployment and these made them gather in Tahrir square and revolt to express their inner feelings without fear. They gave the whole world a good example to follow. The Egyptians want to free themselves from all restrictions and aggression.
- لقد عاني المصريون كثيراً من الفساد والظلم والبطالة وذلك جعلهم يتجمعون في ميدان التحرير ويثوروا للتعبير عن مشاعرهم الداخلية دون خوف. وأعطوا العالم مثال جيد يحتذي به. ويريد المصريون تحرير أنفسهم من القيود والعدوان.
2- On the 25 January crowds of Egyptians blew out to El-Tahrir square. At first they called for freedom and getting jobs. Then the protestors raised their demands till the former president stepped down.
- في 25 يناير حشود من المصريين اندفعوا إلى ميدان التحرير. في البداية دعوا إلى الحرية والحصول على وظائف. ثم رفع المعتصمون مطالبهم حتى استقال الرئيس السابق من منصبه.
3- Celebrations pervaded all over the Arab Republic of Egypt after Omar Suleiman, the Vice-President, announced that the president had stepped down from power and that the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces would run the affairs of the country.
- عمت الاحتفالات جميع أنحاء جمهورية مصر العربية بعد أن أعلن عمر سليمان ، نائب الرئيس ، أن الرئيس قد تنحى عن السلطة ، وأن المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة سيدير شؤون البلاد.
4- Explosion of joy as Mubarak finally quit was the moment that millions of people had been waiting for. The news was greeted by a deafening roar from the multitude packed into central Cairo, and an eruption of joy on a scale that the Egyptian capital has seldom - if ever - seen or heard before.
- فرحة عارمة لتنحى مبارك هي اللحظة التي انتظرها الملايين. واستقبلت الأخبار بصيحات تصم الآذان من الحشود الكثيرة في وسط القاهرة واندفاع من الفرحة العارمة في أرجاء العاصمة المصرية والتي قلما نرى أو نسمع مثلها من قبل.
5- Throughout the world, all people showed their admiration of the Egyptian white revolution despite some violent deeds and chaos. The world leaders expressed that in different ways.
- في جميع أنحاء العالم ، أظهر جميع الناس إعجابهم بالثورة البيضاء المصرية على الرغم من بعض الأعمال العنيفة والفوضى. وعبر زعماء العالم عن ذلك بطرق مختلفة.
6- Egypt witnessed a new image of democracy in Egypt since the revolution of January 25, where 45 million citizens went to the polls to express their views in a referendum on constitutional amendments under full judicial supervision that was absent for long periods.
- شهدت مصر صورة جديدة للديمقراطية في مصر منذ قيام ثورة 25 يناير حيث توجه 45 مليون مواطن إلي صناديق الاقتراع لإبداء آرائهم في الاستفتاء علي التعديلات الدستورية تحت إشراف قضائي كامل غاب لفترات طويلة.
7- Egyptians voted in a historic referendum to amend some articles of the Constitution in the 54 thousand polling stations distributed in different governorates of the Republic in the first steps towards democracy after the success of the January 25 revolution in the overthrow of former President, Hosni Mubarak, on last February 11.
- أدلى المصريون ، بأصواتهم في استفتاء تاريخي لتعديل بعض مواد الدستور في 54 ألف مركز اقتراع موزعة في مختلف محافظات الجمهورية في أولى الخطوات نحو الديمقراطية بعد نجاح ثورة 25 يناير في الإطاحة بالرئيس السابق ، حسني مبارك ، في 11 فبراير/شباط المنصرم.
8- In the first step of the birth of ''new democratic Egypt'' and in an unusual scene, thousands of children accompanied by their parents flocked to the committees of the referendum on constitutional amendments in all parts of the Republic, although they do not have the right to vote because their ages are less than 18 years.
- في أول خطوة لميلاد مصر ''الجديدة الديمقراطية''، وفى مشهد غير معهود، توافد آلاف الأطفال بصحبة آبائهم وأمهاتهم إلى لجان الاستفتاء على التعديلات الدستورية في جميع أنحاء الجمهورية، على الرغم من أنه لا يحق لهم التصويت لأن أعمارهم تقل عن 18 عاماً.
9- Polling stations opened in Egypt in a referendum on constitutional amendments whose approval or rejection will be the first test of democracy after the departure of former President Hosni Mubarak.
- فتحت مراكز الاقتراع أبوابها في مصر في استفتاء على تعديلات دستورية التي سيكون إقرارها أو رفضها أول اختبار للديمقراطية بعد تنحي الرئيس السابق حسني مبارك.
10- Co-operation among nations of the world will result in spreading peace and security. They should help each other to improve the living conditions of their people.
- التعاون بين الدول يؤدي إلى نشر السلام والأمان. ويجب على تلك الدول مساعدة بعضها البعض لتحسين مستويات معيشة الناس/الشعوب.
11- A delegation of public diplomacy travelled to Adis-Ababa to negotiate about the Nile water problem. They met the prime minister who expressed his gratitude towards Egypt and the Egyptian revolutionary youth. He promised not to take forward any step that may cause damage to Egypt.
- سافر وفد من الدبلوماسية العامة لأديس أبابا للتفاوض حول مشكلة مياه نهر النيل. والتقي برئيس الوزراء الذي أعرب عن امتنانه تجاه مصر والشباب المصري الثوري. ووعد بعدم اتخاذ أي خطوة إلى الأمام قد تسبب ضررا لمصر.
12- National unity in Egypt and good relations between Muslims and Copts are not a slogan but rather a tangible reality reflected in the unique experience of the people. Differences that emerge from time to time are only natural and can even happen within the same family whether Muslim or Christian.
- الوحدة الوطنية في مصر والعلاقات الطيبة بين المسلمين والأقباط ليست شعار بل واقعا ملموسا ينعكس في تجربه فريدة من نوعها للشعب والخلافات التي تظهر من حين لآخر طبيعيه جدا وقد تحدث داخل الأسرة الواحدة مسلمة كانت أو مسيحية.
13- Many studies have shown that it is better to wear your seat belt when you are driving a car. Seat belts greatly reduce the risk of death or injury in accidents. The fact is widely recognized and many governments have passed laws imposing seat belt use.
- أظهرت العديد من الدراسات أنه من الأفضل أن ترتدي حزام الأمان عندما تقود السيارة. لأن حزام الأمان يقلل من مخاطر الموت أو الإصابة في الحوادث. وتم إدراك تلك الحقيقة لذلك أصدرت الحكومة قوانين لفرض استخدام حزام الأمان.
Young Egyptians have amazed the whole world with their solidarity, courage and steadfastness, and many families and friends agree, more or less, with the message painted on the largest banner in Tahrir Square -- "The people want the downfall of the regime".
لقد أدهش الشباب المصري العالم بائرة بتضامنهم وشجاعتهم وثباتهم واتفق الجميع على شعار واحد الشعب يريد إسقاط النظام
-Any person who visited the Tahrir (Liberation) Square since the start of the demonstrations, including reporters, confirmed that people from all walks of life did participate in the demonstrations: families with their children, intellectuals, artists, doctors, judges, lawyers, politicians, Al-Azhar professors, opposition parties and even outlaws
لقد اكد كل من زار ميدان التحرير ون بينهم المراسلين بان الناس من ةجميع الاطياف شاركوا فى المظاهرات اسر وطفالهم مفكرين ، قضاه ، اطباء فنانين سياسين اساتذة الازهراحزاب معارضه وحتى الخارجين عن القانون
The military salute performed by General Mohsen El-Fangari, assistant minister of defence and official spokesman of the HCAF, in honour of the revolutionaries who had sacrificed their lives in the course of the revolution was a proof of the council's sympathy with the revolution's demands and its determination to win the trust and confidence of the protesters and the greater public..
1- يجب أن ننشئ الأطفال على حب الوطن واحترام الوالدين.
- We should bring up children on nation love and respecting parents.
2- اقترح شباب الثورة أفكارا جديدة لبناء الوطن.
- The revolution's youth suggested new ideas to build the country.
3- شعب مصر كريم وطيب معروف بالشهامة وحب الكرامة.
- The Egyptian people are generous and are known for nobility and love of dignity.
4- الارتفاع المستمر في الأسعار وزيادة البطالة أدت إلى قيام ثورة 25 يناير.
- The increase rise in prices and unemployment led to the 25th January revolution.
5- تحث الأديان على السلام والرحمة والتعايش السلمي.
- All religions call for peace, mercy and peaceful life.
6- مصر بلد الأمن والأمان لا فرق بين مسلم ومسيحي.
- Egypt is the country of safe and safety/security. There is no difference between a Muslim or a Christian.
7- أثبتت ثورة 25 يناير أن شعب مصر يد واحدة.
- The 25th revolution proved that people of Egypt are one hand.
8- الحرية والمساواة كانا شعار ثورة 25 يناير.
- Freedom and equality were the slogans of 25th January revolution.
9- لعبت القوات المسلحة دورا هاما في نجاح ثورة 25 يناير.
- The armed forces played an important role in the success of 25th January revolution.
10- سيظل الشعب والجيش والشرطة يداً واحدة .
- People, police and armed forces will remain one hand against the enemies of Egypt
11- بعد الثورة يجب أن نتعاون جميعا من أجل إعادة بناء مصر.
- After the revolution, we should co-operate to rebuild Egypt.
12- المسلمون والمسيحيون متحدون دائماً.
- Muslims and Christians are always united.
13- يجب أن نبذل قصارى جهدنا من أجل انتعاش السياحة مرة أخري.
- We must do our best to refresh tourism (make it flourish) again.
14- مهما طال الفساد والظلم فلابد من نهاية.
- Whatever corruption and injustice may last, there will be an end.
15- اعتقد أن الناس سوف تستمر في قراءة الكتب من أجل المتعة.
- I think people will continue reading books for fun.
16- تعتبر الزلازل والبراكين والعواصف وأمواج التسونامي كلها ظواهر طبيعية تدمر كل انجازات الإنسان.
- Earthquakes, volcanoes, storms, hurricanes and tsunamis are all natural phenomena which destroy all the achievements of man.
17- لا أحد يستطع أن ينكر الدور الفعال الذي تلعبه التكنولوجيا.
- No one can deny the effective role played by technology.
18- هل استخدمت مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي مثل الفيس بوك وتويتر من قبل؟
- Have you ever used social sites like face book and twitter?
19- يجب علينا ترشيد المياه لتجنب أزمة المياه مع دول حوض النيل.
- We must rationalize water use to avoid water crisis with the Nile basin countries.
20- لعبت التكنولوجيا الحديثة مثل الانترنت والفيس بوك دوراً عظيماً في ثورة 25 يناير.
- Modern technology as the internet and face book played great role in the 25th January revolution.
21- أثبت شباب مصر أن لهم دوراً عظيماً في تقدم المجتمع.
- The Egyptian youth proved that they have great role in the progress of their society.
22- يلعب المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة دورا هاما في حماية مصر داخليا وخارجيا.
- The supreme council of the armed forces play an important role in protecting Egypt inside and outside.
23- إن انتفاضة الشعب المصري في 25 يناير كانت بمثابة ثورة ضد الفساد والظلم.
- The Egyptian people's uprising on the 25 of January was a revolution against corruption and injustice.
24- لقد أثبتت القوات المصرية المسلحة بحمايتها للمتظاهرين أنها مبعث فخر وأمن للمصريين في وقت الأزمات.
- The Egyptian armed forces have prove through protecting demonstrators to be a source of pride and security for the Egyptians in times of crises.
25- لقد قام ملايين المسلمين والمسيحيين بمظاهرات ضد الفتنة الطائفية التي يثيرها أعداء مصر.
- Millions of Muslims and Christians have demonstrated against the sectarian strife aroused by Egypt's enemies. 26- لن تنسي مصر أبداً شهدائها العظام الذين ضحوا بحياتهم من اجل حرية الوطن وكرامته - Egypt will ever and never forget its great martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the liberty and dignity of motherland. 27- لقد تنحي الرئيس السابق عن منصبه ونقل السلطة إلي المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة - The former president resigned from his office and transferred power to the Supreme Military Council.
28- حل قادة مصر العسكريين البرلمان وعلقوا الدستور في محاولة لتلبية مطالب رئيسية من المحتجين بعد تنحى حسني مبارك.
- Egypt’s military leaders dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution in an attempt to meet the key demands of protesters after Hosni Mubarak stepped down 29- كلنا أبناء وطن واحد والدين لله والوطن للجميع.
- We are all sons of one nation and religion is to Allah and the homeland is for all.
30- قاد شباب الثورة الرئيس مبارك للتنحي عن السلطة ومغادرة القصر الجمهوري إلى شرم الشيخ.
- The Youth Revolution led President Mubarak to step down from power and leave the Republican Palace to Sharm El-Sheikh. 31- اثبت المصريون أنهم مؤهلين للديمقراطية .
- Egyptians proved that they are eligible for democracy. 32- يحذر المجلس العسكري من انتشار الشائعات التي قد تفسد الثورة.
- Military Council warns of the spread of rumors that could jeopardize the revolution.
33- يجب على الرئيس القادم أن يفهم جيداً أن الشعب لا يرضى بالظلم مرة أخرى.
- The next president should understand well that people do not accept injustice again.
16- تتمتع بلادنا بمصادر طبيعية غنية إذا احسن استغلالها سيؤدى ذلك إلى الرفاهية والتقدم الملحوظ.
Our country has rich natural resources, which, if they are made best use of, will lead to welfare an
18- زيادة الاستثمارات فى مجالات النشاط الاقتصادى المختلفة هى مفتاح النمو والتقدم.
The increase of investments in different fields economic activity is the key of growth and progress.
19- تهتم الدولة اهتماما كبيرا بالطفل فهى تقدم له كل سبل الرعاية الممكنة لكى ينمو لائقا صحيا وعقليا
The state is greatly interested in the child. It offers him all possible means of care so that he can grow healthy and mentally fit.
20- السياحة مصدر هام لجلب العملة الصعبة لمصر لذلك علينا أن نقدم كل التسهيلات الممكنة لجذب السياح إلى مصر.
Tourism is an important source of bringing hard currency to Egypt. So we have to offer all possible facilities to attract tourists to Egypt.
21- يجب أن نكرس وقتنا وجهدنا من أجل رفاهية بلدنا.
We have to devote our time and efforts for the sake of welfare of our country.
22- علينا أن نهتم بالموهوبين ونقدم لهم كل التسيهلات الممكنة لتنمية مواهبهم.
We have to take care of the talented and provide them with all the possible facilities to develop their talents.
23- انتشار العنف والجريمة من نتائج البطالة.
The spread of violence and crime is a result of the unemployment.
24- نهر النيل هو شريان الحياة بالنسبة لمصر لذلك نقول مصر هى هبة النيل
The River Nile is the artery of life for Egypt so we say that Egypt is the gift of the Nile.
25- يجب حماية المواقع الأثرية والمتاحف فى كل أنحاء الدولة من اللصوص
The archaeological sites and museums all over the country have to be protected from the thieves.
26- تسعى المؤسسة التعليمية إلى تعميق الفكر الديمقراطى وتدريب الأجيال الصاعدة على المشاركة وإبداء الرأى والنقد البناء.
The educational institution seeks to deepen democratic thought and train the young generation in participation, voicing opinion and constructive criticism.
27- تقوم الجامعة المفتوحة بتوفير التعلم عن بعد لكثير من المواطنين من مختلف الأعمار.
The open university provides distance learning for many citizens of different ages.
28- تقوم المرأة المصرية بدور فعال فىكل مناحى الحياة تسهم بقدر كبير فى تقدم بلادها.
The increase of(Increasing) production had become a national duty because it enables, us to face the problems of
29- يقوم العلماء بأبحاث عديدة للاستفادة القصوى من مصادر الطاقة المتجددة كالماء والرياح.
Scientists do a lot of research to make full use of renewable sources
30- إن زيادة الإنتاج أصبح واجبا وطنيا لأنه يمكننا من مواجهة مشكلة تزايد السكان والبطالة فى مصر
The Egyptian woman plays a vital role in all walks (fields) of life and contributes greatly to her country's progress.
31- سوف تشهد انتخابات الرئاسة القادمة منافسة شديدة.
- The upcoming presidential election will see fierce competition
32- لقد بدء عصر من الحرية والكرامة فى مصر.
- An era of freedom and dignity has started in Egypt.
33- ثورة مصر هى الأجدر بالاحترام بين كل الثورات.
Egypt's Revolution is the most respected among all the revolutions.
34- قام شباب مصر بالثورة وحماها جيش مصر الامين.
- - Egypt's youth carried out the revolution and the Egyptian sincere army protected it.
- ينبغى على كل فرد أن يفكر فيما ينبغى عليه فعله فى المرحلة القادمة.
- Everyone Should think about what should be done in the next phase.
36- تحتاج مصر لكل طاقات ابناءها لكى ترتقى وتزدهر.
- Egypt needs the full potential of its people in order to push forward and prosper.
37- لكل مصرى حقوق وعليه واجبات ينبغى ان لا ينساها.
- Every Egyptian has rights and duties which they should not forgot.
38-لن يحدث تغيير فى مصر حقيقى قبل أن نغير من أنفسنا
there wont be areal change in egypt if we dont change our selves
39- تنظر كثير من القوى العالمية والاقليمية الى تماسك الشعب المصرى بكثير من الاعجاب
Many world and regional powers admire ( show alot of admiration to )the coherence of the Egyptian people 40- ان مصر هى مهد الديانات السماوية والحضارات ولن تكون ابدا منبعا للعنف والارهاب
Egypt is the cradle of monotheistic (heavenly )religions and civilizations and will never be a source of violence and terrorism
41- ان مصر بها كافة مقومات السياحة التى يمكن ان تجعلها فى مقدمة دول العالم السياحية
Egypt has all the elements of tourism, which can make it at the forefront of world tourism
42-يجب على الشباب الواعد الصاعد العمل بجد واخلاص ليعبروا ببلادنا الى بر الامان من تلك الازمة الراهنة
The promising , rising youth must work hard and sincerely (honestly ) to reach with our country to the land of safety from this current crisis
government seeks/tries hard to achieve.
43- إن التسامح الديني هو ما يميز الحياة في مصر حيث يتزاور المسلمون والمسيحيون في الأعياد والمناسبات المختلفة.
Religious tolerance is what marks life in Egypt where Muslims and Christians exchange visits on different feasts and occasions.
44- إحدى مشكلات البيئة هي الارتفاع الطفيف في درجة حرارة الأرض ويمكن أن ينشأ عن زيادة سخونة العالم تغيرات خطيرة في الطقس وفيضانات منتشرة في البحار والمحيطات ويمكن اعتبار الأمطار الغزيرة في مختلف أنحاء العالم هذا الشتاء تحذيرا عالميا.
One of the environmental problems is the slight rise in the temperature of the earth. As the world becomes hotter, there could be serious changes in weather and widespread flooding of seas and oceans. The heavy rains in various parts of the world this winter may be considered a global warning.
45- لقد كانت السيول التي اجتاحت مصر كارثة لا مثيل لها.
The torrents / floods that swept through Egypt were a matchless disaster.
46 - تشهد القارة السمراء حدثا رياضيا فريدا باستضافتها لبطولة كاس العالم لكرة القدم بجنوب إفريقيا هذا العام.
-The black continent witnesses a unique sports event through hosting the Football World Cup Championship in South Africa this year.
47- لقد أصبح الاهتمام بالتعليم والعلوم من أهم الأهداف التي تسعى الحكومة جاهدة لتحقيقها.
- Giving due care to education and science has become one of the major aims that the
48-إن التغير المناخي لم يعد مجرد قضية بيئية ، فهو كارثة إنسانية تلوح في الأفق (وشيكة الوقوع) و تهدد في النهاية بقاؤنا علي هذا الكوكب.
- Climate change is no longer just an environmental issue. It is a looming humanitarian catastrophe, threatening ultimately our survival on this planet.
49- ما لم تتعاون كل دول العالم لحل مشكلات الاحتباس الحراري و التلوث البيئي و التغير المناخي و نقص الغذاء ، فإن ملايين الناس في كثير من أجزاء العالم سوف يموتون (يلقون حتفهم).
- Unless world countries cooperate to solve the problems of global warming, environmental pollution, climate change and food shortage, millions of people in many parts of the world will die.
Egypt's youth have proved that they are able to contribute to making progress.
17- لقد أثبت شباب مصر أنهم قادرون على المساهمة فى صنع التقدم
Egypt's youth have proved that they are able to contribute to making progress
- قام المصريون بمظاهرات احتجاجات ضخمة أرغمت الرئيس السابق على التنحى فى الحادى عشر من فبراير 2011
The Egyptians held massive demonstrations and protests that forced the farmer president to step down on February in 2011 .
2- رفع المتظاهرون فى ميدان التحرير شعار (التغيير والحرية والعدالة الاجتماعية)
The demonstrators in Tahrir Square raise the slogan of "change, freedom and social justice".
3- ثورة الخامس والعشرون من ينار هى أول ثورة فى التاريخ استخدمت التكنلوجيا الحديث مثل موقع الفيس بوك وتويتر للاتصالات الاجتماعية.
The January 25 Revolution was the ,first revolution in history that used modern technology such as "facebook and Twitter" websites for social communication.
4- قام المصريون بحراسة بيوتهم ضد البلطجة أثناء الفراغ الأمنى الذى أعقب انسحاب الشرطة وهروب المساجين.
The Egyptians guarded their houses against looters during the security vacuum that followed the withdrawal of the police and the escape of prisoners.
5- أعلنت لجنة تعديل الدستور التعديلات الدستورية والتى تتضمن الإشراف القضائى الكامل على الانتخابات.
The constitutional amending committee declared the constitutional modifications which include a comprehensive judicial supervision on election.
6- بعد ثورة الخامس والعرشين من يناير 2011 يتطلع المصريون إلى بناء دولة ديمقراطية حرة
After the revolution of January 25, the Egyptians are looking forward to building a free democratic state.
7- عادت روح الولاء (الانتماء) إلى المصريين مع ميلاد عصر جديد من الحرية والديمقراطية فى مصر
The spirit of loyalty has come back to the Egyptians with the birth of the new age of freedom and democracy.
8- أثبت الشعب المصرى من خلال ثورتهم أنهم قادرون على حماية ثورتهم وتحقيق أهدافها
The Egyptian people proved through their revolution that they are able to protect it and its goals.
9- ثورة الخامس والعشرون من يناير هى أول ثورة فى التاريخ قامت على استخدام التكنولوجيا الحديثة مثل مواقع الاتصالات الاجتماعية (الفيس بوك وتويتر)
The January 25 Revolution was the first revolution in history launched using modern technology such as social communication websites "Facebook" and "Twitter".
10- بعد نجاح ثورة الخامس والعشرون من يناير يجب على كل المصريين العمل الجاد لتعمير البلد ونسيان المصالح الشخصية.
After the success of the January 25 Revolution, all the Egyptians should work hard to reconstruct the country and forget their personal interests.
11- ثورة الخامس والعشرون من يناير هى نقطة تحول فى تاريخ مصر فهمى بالتأكيد ستؤدى إلى تغيرات جذرية فى مختلف مجالات الحياة
The January 25 Revolution is a turning point in Egypt's history. It will certainly lead to radical changes in the different fields.
12- أثناء المظاهرات استخدم البوليس الغازات المسيلة للدموع وخراطيم المياه لتفريق المتظاهرين.
During the demonstrations, the police used tear gases and water hoses to disperse the demonstrators.
1-Although Egypt is rich in its natural resources, only a few people benefited from them over the last thirty years. That's because the former governments used to complain about a lot of problems so as to carry out their dirty plans without being questioned. They monopolized the resources just to achieve their goals leaving the majority in poverty and ignorance.
على الرغم من أن مصر غنية بمواردها الطبيعية فإن عدد قليل فقط من الناس كانوا يستفيدون منها خلال الثلاثون سنة الماضية. وذلك لأن الحكومات السابقة اعتادت الشكوى من كثير من المشكلات لتنفيذ خططهم القذرة بدون مساءلة. فكانوا يحتكرون الموارد فقط لتحقيق أهدافهم تاركين الغالبية فى فقر وجهل.
2- It's high time to teach our children loyalty and faith to our beloved Egypt. We should teach them to be positive members and express their opinions freely. At the same time we should uproot passivity. Egypt, now is in need of more efforts, more sacrifice and more co-operation to restore its position in the area.
حان الوقت لتعليم أطفالنا الولاء والوفاء (الإخلاص) لبلدنا الحبيبة مصر. ويجب أن نعلمهم ليكونوا أعضاء إيجابيين وليعبروا عن آرائهم وفى نفس الوقت يجب أن نقتلع السلبية. مصر الآن فى حاجة إلى جهود وتضحية وتعاون أكثر لاستعادة مكانتها فى المنطقة.
2- Peace gives every country the chance to carry out many useful projects. These projects cost a lot of money which is spent on wars and destructive weapons. When peace prevails, we can spend such sums of money to build new factories, reclaim the desert lands, solve the problem of housing and transport.
يعطى السلام الفرصة لكل دولة لتنفيذ الكثير من المشروعات المفيدة. وهذه المشروعات تتكلف الكثير من الأموال التى تنفق على الحروب والأسلحة المدمرة. وعندما يسود السلام يمكننا إنفاق هذه المبالغ من المال لبناء مصانع جديدة واستصلاح الأراضى الصحراوية وحل مشكلة الإسكان والمواصلات.
4- Sports and games play an important role in building up one's body and character. They are also an effective means of acquiring many virtues such as co-operation, self - sacrifice and discipline. Through games and sports young people find an outlet to their energies and they can be protected from deviation.
تلعب الألعاب الرياضية دورا هاما فى تنمية جسم وشخصية الفرد. وهى أيضا وسيلة فعالة (مؤثرة) لاكتساب فضائل كثيرة مثل التعاون والتضحية بالنفس والنظام ومن خلال الألعاب الرياضية يجد الشباب مخرجا (متنفسا) لطاقتهم ويمكن حمايتهم من الانحراف.
5- Today we live in a global village where news and information move very quickly from north to south. Thanks to the computer and the Internet, we become acquainted with what happens in the world while we are sitting at home.
نعيش الآن فى قرية عالمية حيث تتحرك الأخبار والمعلومات بسرعة جدا من الشمال إلى الجنوب وبفضل (وبواسطة) الكمبيوتر والانترنت أصبحنا على علم بما يحدث فى العالم أثناء جلوسنا فى البيت.
6- The Internet is used for many different purposes. It is used by professionals to exchange information. It is also used by amateur to write or chat to each other electronically.
يستخدم الانترنت لأغراض مختلفة وكثيرة، حيث يستخدمه المحترفون لتبادل المعلومات، ويستخدمه أيضا الهواة للكتابة والدردشة الإلكترونية.
7- The Red Sea resorts attract a great number of tourists. Tourists come to enjoy the beautiful scenery and do water sports. They also come to see the fantastic coral reefs under water.
تجذب منتجعات البحر الأحمر عدد كبير من السياح، ويأتى السياح للاستمتاع بالمناظر الطبيعية الجملية وممارسة الألعاب (الرياضات) المائية، ويأتون أيضا لمشاهدة الشعب المرجانية تحت الماء.
8- Tourism is a very important source of national income to any country . It's also a means of giving information about the past and the present of the country . Through tourism , country can give a true picture of its renaissance and the customs and traditions of its people.
السياحة مصدر هام حدا للدخل القومى لأى دولة. وهى أيضا وسيلة لإعطاء المعلومات عن ماضى وحاضر الدولة. ومن خلال السياحة تستطيع الدولة إعطاء صورة حقيقة لنهضتها وعادات وتقاليد
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